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Prioritizing Compounds, Step 1: Predicting Oral Toxicity

Predicting Oral Toxicity

Find the TCAMS antimalarial dataset at^T. We’ll first predict oral toxicity for thhis dataset. Start by clicking on the TCAMS dataset link. The URL in the browser should read You can browse the compounds. Note that only 10 compounds are displayed. The dataset contains well over 13000 compounds, however. You can increase the number of compounds displayed by changing the "Max number of hits" field, or directly in the address bar of your browser by changing e.g. "?max=10" to "?max=100".

In a new tab of your browser, go to the list of OpenTox models at (or follow the “Models” link at the top of the page listing the datasets). To predict oral toxicity we will use the “Toxtree Cramer rules” model.  Clicking on the Cramer rules link will open its page ( OpenTox models accept dataset URLs as input (instead of file names). Enter (or paste) the TCAMS URL (“”) into the text box. IMPORTANT: Currently, AMBIT has a default upper limit of 10000 compounds when applying models to datasets. To ensure that all compounds of the TCAMS dataset are predicted, add "?max=15000" to the end of the dataset URL ( Clicking “Predict” will launch the calculations.

Running a model on a dataset in AMBIT


 You can click on the link (under "Name", see example inside the orange box in the screenshot below) to find out if the calculations are completed. When completed, clicking on the link will lead to a dataset with the results.

Results of applying aodel

The Cramer rules model is an implementation of Cramer et al., Estimation of Toxic Hazard - A Decision Tree Approach, J Cosmet Toxicol, Vol. 16, pp. 255-276, Pergamon Press, 1978. It comprises 33 structural rules and places evaluated compounds into one of three classes:
•    Class I substances are simple chemical structures with efficient modes of metabolism suggesting a low order of oral toxicity;
•    Class III substances are those that permit no strong initial presumption of safety, or may even suggest significant toxicity or have reactive functional groups;  and finally,
•    Class II are intermediate.  This model is very conservative and places most of the compounds in Class III.
During this exercise, we’ll look for compounds of low toxicity (Class I) and high antimalarial activity. There are a small number of Class I compounds, the distribution can be seen via the OpenTox chart generation service

Distribution of Cramer classes in TCAMS

To filter for Class I compounds, click the “Chemical compounds” links on the top of the AMBIT page with the results URL of your application of the Cramer model, and enter “Low (Class I)” in the search box. This results in the following web address:
http://pirin.uni (which could be also used directly, instead of typing the search query in the text box). The results can be browsed as depicted below.

Browsing the results


Step 2: Analyse Cytotoxicities of the Cramer Class I compounds


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